Welcome to SCH 3UI

AP Chem - Warm up

Optional - pre course challenge

General Expectation


  • This course focuses on the concepts and theories that form the basis of modern chemistry.  
  • Students will study the behaviours of solids, liquids, gases, and solutions.  
  • Investigate changes and relationships in chemical systems.  
  • Explore how chemistry is used in developing new products and processes that affect our lives and our environment.   
  • Emphasis will also be placed on the importance of chemistry in other branches of science.








Textbook Online and Textbook Solutions

Textbook Questions - HITLIST

A very thorough website from a different teacher

Exam Reviews


Exam Review

Exam Review Alternate

Exam Review B questions

B solutions

Exam Review C



TOPICWorksheetSolutions / Internet Links



Website and Schoology
Course outline -  2017-2018

Quizlet - live - using WHMIS, various sets
Element List
Memorize the name, symbol, metal or non metal, latin name if applicable



Element list - Awkward interrogation
Parts of the periodic table

Quizlet: Periodic table (periodic table)

Diagnostic: Chemistry

 WHMIS 2015, Chemistry Warm up
Periodic table, 50 elements and latin names,
Physical and chemical properties,
Chem Review from Grade 10Are You Ready worksheets


Element list - Awkward interrogation

Diagnostic Discussion, continue working on questions

Safety: page x - xiii

1.Know the symbols and the meaning for each of the textbook safety precautions and WHMIS safety categories.  Need to know 2015 symbols!

2. Be able to describe a risk and a precaution for each WHMIS category.

3. Research the importance of a SDS. These used to be called MSDS.  Why would we require to have them available in the laboratory?

4. Explain the general safety rules and procedures in the laboratory. Read over the safety rules, eye and face safety, handling glassware safety, heat and fire safety, and handling chemicals safety sections.

5.  Types of fire extinguishers

6. Expected to know the proper waste disposal rules

Laboratory Orientation - Location of Safety Equipment

WHMIS 2015;
Science Equipment HHSS;
Chemistry Warm up
Solutions to Grade 10 Review
UNIT 1  Matter, Chemical Trends, and Chemical Bonding
  • Every element has predictable chemical and physical properties determined by its structure.
  • The type of chemical bond in a compound determines the physical and chemical properties of that compound.
  • It is important to use chemicals properly to minimize the risks to human health and the environment.
Textbook appendices - Make a list of the resources available

Section 1.1; 1.2; 1.3 - Chemistry Warm Up

What is Chemistry? - pages 6-7 - skim

Describing Matter
Physical vs chemical properties
- qualitative vs quantitative
- SI Units - conversion
- Significant Digits - skim over (quick example)
- Accuracy vs Precision

Classifying Matter
-Changes of state
-Physical vs chemical change
-Flowchart of Matter

Complete Schoology Quizzes
-Element Matching
-Matter and Atomic Structure

Metric Conversions worksheet

Significant Digits(Figures), Scientific Notation worksheet

Unit Conversion Worksheet
Metric Table


Unit Conversions - practiced some, used scientific Notation

The Atom
-From the periodic table to Standard Notation
-Isotopes vs Radioisotopes

Calculation of Relative Atomic Mass
-Isotopic Abundance
Isotopes and Atomic mass - pg 35-38

Complete Schoology Quizzes
-Matter and Atomic Structure

Note from today - Feb 9

Khan Academy Article - Isotopes


The Atom

-Atomic Mass is relative

-Structure and the connection with Scientists - Dalton, Thompson, Rutherford, Bohr, Chadwick

-Timeline of atomic theory and

- A Summary of how the Models have changed over time

Dalton atomic theory --> How the theory has changed over time

Textbook- 2.1 - pg 34 - 39

Worksheet on Isotopes

Atomic Theory: VIDEOS

Atomic Theory Video Sheet answers

Atomic Theory - dalton to bohr webquest

The Webquest number 2
13Periodic Table and the Atomic structure (section 2.2)

Blank Periodic Table

Question Period on PT

Video sheet:   Video(24 min): Elements Organized - older but good stuff

How is the Periodic Table organized?

What trends are present in the groups?

-alkali metals, noble gases

Why are carbon and silicon in the same group?

What trends are present in the periods?

-how was the trend explained?

Are there exceptions to the trends?
Complete the following worksheet on the blank periodic table  providedThe periodic table(12 min) - crash course
14Quiz on elements, safety, WHMIS

History of the Periodic Table - How did we get to the present day form
Makes Notes about the following Scientist from the selected website
  • Dobereiner (In "Table Formation)
    • Ignore  Chancourtois
  • Newlands
  • Meyer
  • Mendeleev !!
  • Moseley

BBC volatile chemistry
 - 4 min -
 periodic table

TED Lesson - 5 min -
 Mendeleev Important discoveries
15Trends in periodic table
  • Describe the trend in reactivity? WHY - we need info
  • Before we can explain trends...
    • BR diagrams
    • metals vs nonmetals
    • terms - nuclear charge, effective nuclear charge, Z-effect, isoelectric, electron shielding
  • Describe the trend in atomic radius
    • How can we explain the trend

Blank Periodic Table

Bohr Rutherford Diagrams - electron shells and protons
Blank PT for B-R diagrams

16Trends in periodic table
  • terms - nuclear charge, Z-effect, electron shielding
  • Ionic Radius
  • Ionization energy
  • First Ionization vs second ionization energy
    • group 1 vs group 2
Blank Periodic Table

Bohr Rutherford Diagrams - electron shells and protons
Blank PT for B-R diagrams

RSC - trends

Some Periodic Trends
Practice on trends of the periodic table
20Compare  2 elements, using terms NC, ENC, ES

Continue to discuss Trends - Section 2.3
  • Ionization energy - term -  effective nuclear charge, isoelectronic
  • compare 2 isoelectronic particles
  • electron affinity
  • electronegativity
Blank Periodic Table

Worksheet on trends
Trends in the periodic table - powerpoint

Worksheet on trends -  solution to page 1

21Review Trends -
  • Can we explain the reactivity trend that occurs in the periodic table
Reading 3.1 - Types of  Compounds - pg 66-70

Empirical vs Theoretical properties

 - Describe empirical and theoretical properties of ionic compounds

 - Describe empirical and theoretical properties of molecular compounds

22Why do chemicals react - octet rule - Helium?

-Models - Lewis, Structure and terminology [lone pairs, bonding electrons, valence]

Ionic Bonding - Ionic Compounds
modelling ionic bonding

Covalent Bonding - Molecular Compounds
Modelling covalent bonding

Read 3.2Textbook

Chemical Bonding - ionic and covalent
23Crash Course - Bonds
-all bonds are the same but they are different

Bonding Continuum - differences in electronegativity

Do the empirical properties support the method of bonding?
Ionic? Model of Ionic Compound

What does the formula of the ionic compound represent?

One more example of an ionic compound: Al and O

26Molecular vs Ionic - Elements, EN diff, Properties
Why do we think that electrons are shared in covalent bonding?

Model of Molecular Compound
What does the formula of a molecular compound represent?
Collection of molecules

Comparing models of molecular compounds - CO2 vs SO3

Molecular Compounds: Drawing Lewis Structures
 - rules  (we do not worry about formal charges)

Try nitrate, sulfate and carbon dioxide
Motion of particles
Crash Course bonding models
27Explaining properties of chemical compounds

Molecular Compounds:  Polar vs Non Polar 
- Deciding polarity based on shape and bonds

Polar Bond, Non Polar Bond

Polar Molecule, Non Polar Molecule
-H2O, CO2, other molecules

Read section 3.3 - Textbook
Intermolecular Forces - polar and non polarCrash Course polar and nonpolar

Shapes - based around central atom
- determined by number of electron pairs
  • one or two sets - linear
  • three sets - trigonal planar or bent
  • four sets - bent, trigonal pyrimidal, tetrahedral
Intermolecular Forces vs Intramolecular Forces

Homework molecules - polar vs nonpolar
think about shape
(NH3, CH3F, CF4)


Intermolecular Forces vs Intramolecular Forces
-London Dispersion (ex. states of the halogens)
-Hydrogen Bond

worksheets on polarity, review ch 3 questions

solutions to worksheets
class note

2, 5
Discussion about what may be on the test

check schoology for list of questions

6Unit Test - chapter 1, 2 and 3


  • Naming chemical compounds
  • Writing Formulas for chemical compounds
Naming Key
Naming chemical Compounds - Section A-B
Binary Ionic

Binary Ionic - Multivalent - Transition metals
Classical  - latin names and ous/ic endings
IUPAC - roman numerals

Nomenclature - Naming Chemical Compounds

Part 1 : Part 1 Solutions pdf version

Part 2 : Part 2 Solutions pdf version

Review : Review Solutions pdf version

Polyatomic ions
8Binary Molecular - Prefixes
Binary acids - aqueous - hydro-----ic acid
9Review A-G

Practice quiz  - part 1
19Section I-J
OXY Acids and modified Oxy acids
Hypo - - ous
20Quiz on I-J
Polyatomic ions - from oxyacids (section K - L5)

Per____ ic --> Per___ate
____ic --> _____ate
____ous --> _____ite
Hypo_____ous -->  Hypo_____ite
21Quiz on I-L5

Polyatomic ions (acid anions - still have an H)
- carbonic, sulfuric, phosphoric
22Quiz on M-N

Polyatomic ions (acid anions - still have an H)
- common names and modifying oxygens numbers

- Complete the reviews
23Final Naming Quiz

- Hydrates and other polyatomic ions

Working on review


UNIT 3 Chemical Reactions
  • Chemicals react in predictable ways.
  • Chemical reactions and their applications have signifcant implications for society and the environment.
Begin Unit 2/3 Reactions
Note on KMT, Collision Theory, Rate of reaction

1.  Kinetic Molecular Theory

2.  Why do chemicals react? [Enthalpy and Entropy]

3.  How can reactions go faster?
28- Read over Section 4.1

Chemical Equations - Reactants to Products
Word Equations
Skeleton Equations
Symbols in chemical  equations (s, l, g, aq)
Law of Conservation of Mass
Balancing equations pg 116
Balancing reactions worksheet 2 sided
(handed out in class)

-solutions page 1

-solutions page 2

Balancing Practice Sheet
A new method for balancing - algebra
29All reactions have predictable patterns

Classifying Reactions - Notes -

Grade 10
Syn, Decomp, Combustion, single displacement, double displacement

Grade 11
- All Reactions you need to know
- Practice sheet for writing equations
Writing chemical equations - Solutions

Things to Remember: H O F Br I N Cl,  P4,  S8

Synthesis, Decomposition and Combustion Reactions
Handout - Types of reactions Assignment
- All Reactions you need to know
4Tpes of reactions Assignment - Concerns?

Single Displacement reactions - Section 4.3

- occurs in solutions - aqueous

metal displace metal (hydrogen exception)
non metal displace non metal (halogens)

Activity Series
Videos: Copper and Siver nitrate
Iron and Copper sulphate

close up of single displacement reactions
5Activity Series Lab

Lab Write up found on Google Classroom
Types of reactions Assignment - PEER Assessment

Double Displacement - Section 4.3

- occurs in solutions - aqueous
- Ionic compounds, acids, bases
- cations switch places with cations
- produces a precipitate and/or water and/or gas

- summary of  solubility table for precipitate formation

More equations to try and write, balance and identify type
Solutions to worksheet (needs to be updated)
Video: Precipitation Reaction

close up of precipitation reactions

Solubility and Activity Series Resource

Total and Net Ionic Equations
11Predicting Products handoutsPredicting products of chemical reactions
Chemical reaction worksheet #1
Questions 1- 13, Question 14-25
12Precipitate Lab / Review
17Precipitate Lab / Review
18Unit 2/3 Test - Chemical ReactionsDid Not Cover - Will Not Cover

Nuclear Chemistry - Section 4.4
Radioisotopes and  Half Life
Nuclear chemistry - Worksheet

Nuclear Chemistry Video 1
Balancing Nuclear Reactions 1
Balancing Nuclear Reactions 2
19/20Precipitate Lab

UNIT 4  Quantities in Chemical Reactions
  • Relationships in chemical reactions can be described quantitatively.
  • The effciency of chemical reactions can be determined and optimized by applying an
  • understanding of quantitative relationships in such reactions.

Quantities and Chemical Reactions

Math of Chemistry: Significant Digits, Scientific Notation
Mathskills 1
Mathskills 2

Mole 1

Mole 2

Mole 3
23The Mole concept!!!  The chemist's dozen

CONNECTION between the mass of a chemical (we measure) with the balanced chemical equation (we analyze)

Mole symbols and units
(N, NA, Mx, m, n)
Molar Mass - add them up
Molecules, atoms, ions, formula units
Mole Calculations

Using your online textbook and the link below (scroll down to "the Mole" and use the links in that section), complete these daily activities.  Always look at the sample problems to provide strategies on how to solve these math problems.  Remember to work together.

For Monday
Review Isotopic Abundance Calculations pg 165-170
practice problems on page 170
Define -  "the mole" in terms of chemistry pg 172-173
Converting between moles and particles pg 175-178
practice problems on pg 177 and 179

For Tuesday
Define - "molar mass" pg 180-181
practice problems pg 184
Converting between moles and mass - pg 185-192
practice problems pg 186, 187, 190, 191
section review pg 192
chapter 5 review #9-26

For Wednesday
Define - Law of definite proportions, percentage composition
practice problems pg 201, 204

24n = N / NA      n= m / Mx

THE MOLE - worksheet
Many helpful tutorials
25Describing a Compound
- Ratio of Atoms or Moles
- Ratio of Mass

Determining the Formula of a compound

STEP 1 - Percent Compositon (ch 6.1)
- Determing % using mass (Experimental)
- Determining % using formula (Theoretical)
- Percent Error calculation

Proust - Law of Definite Proportions
a given chemical compound always contains the same elements in the exact same proportions by mass.
Dalton - Law of Multiple Proportions
whenever the same two elements form more than one compound, the different masses of one element that combine with the same mass of the other element are in the ratio of small whole numbers.
Percent Composition - worksheet
26Review MOLE CONCEPT with examples
atomic mass
molecular mass
formula unit mass
molar mass
27Precipitate Lab - Discussion
30Describing a Compound
- Ratio of Atoms or Moles
- Ratio of Mass

Determining the Formula of a compound

STEP 1 - Percent Compositon (ch 6.1)

STEP 2 - Empirical Formula (ch 6.2)
- What is it?
- How to calculate it?
-Combustion Analyzer

STEP 3 - Molecular Formula (6.3 and 6.4)
- What is it?
- How to calculate it?
- Mass Spectrometer-Mass Spectrometer
Class missed due to power outage
Different notes and Questions

Empirical and Molecular Formulas - worksheet

-Chapter 5 Review
-Chapter 6 Review
2Reactions Test Review
working on lab, calculating empirical and molecular formulas
pg 211, 214, 218
3Empirical and molecular formula from experimental results
- Combustion analyzer - notes and practice
-Combustion analyzer - practice - percentage of element
-Combustion analyser - practice - moles of water/carbon dioxide

-hydrates - practice problems

7Copper Sulfate Hydrate lab - prelab

Stoichiometry Ch 7
Balanced Chemical Formula and mole ratios
Mole Ratio Calculations
mole --> mole ratio --> mole
Option 2:  Magnesium Lab - % comp, % yield
Magnesium Oxide Lab Write up
8Copper Sulfate Hydrate lab

Stoichiometry intro sheets I, II, III
Stoichiometry worksheet I and worksheet II
Solution Worksheet I
Solution Worksheet II
9Gravimetric Stoichiometry
(masses given instead of moles)

given mass --> mole --> mole ratio --> mole -->required mass

Stoichiometry worksheet III
Solutions to Worksheet III
part A    part B     part C
Stoichiometry 1 more practice

Stoichiometry 1 - Solutions
10Limiting and Excess Reagents
(determine which chemical will run out first)
Textbook Ch 7 questions pg 254 - determine LR

Textbook Ch 7 questions pg  257-258 determine yield
11Limiting and Excess Reagents and Percent yield
(pulling it all together)
Textbook Work on ch 5, 6 and 7
14Limiting Reagents and Percent yield Worksheets - SOLUTIONS
Chemistry Worksheets:Limiting Reagents Worksheet #1

More Practice - Limiting Reagents - Solutions
15Review Time
Textbook Work on ch 5, 6 and 7
lab activity - stoichiometry
Calcium chloride and sodium carbonate
16Unit 4 Test

UNIT 5 - Solutions and Solubility
  • Properties of solutions can be described qualitatively and quantitatively, and can be
  • predicted.
  • Living things depend for their survival on the unique physical and chemical properties
  • of water.
  • People have a responsibility to protect the integrity of Earth’s water resources.

Unit 4 - Defining Solutions
8.1 - terms

Terms (Solution, solute, solvent, solubility, soluble, insoluble,  aqueous, miscible, immiscible, alloys, saturated, unsaturated, supersaturated, concentration)

Examples of Solutions

Solubility, Solubility table/rules (Section 9.1)
Solubility Curve (section 8.1)

Water dissolving salt

18Discussion of terminology - clearing up misconceptions
Making rock candy - supersaturation

Supersaturated Sodium Acetate
228.2 - Theory of solutions
Factors that affect Solubility (temp, particle, pressure)
Polar vs Non Polar
Intermolecular Forces (keeps particles together)
Trends of solubility
Special water polarity
CO2 and H2O
CH3OH and H2O
SO2 and CCl4
Na2SO4 or CaSO4
MgCl2 or MgF2
238.3 - Concentration Calculations:
-Percent concentration
-Molar concentration (mol/L)


"the concentration of NaoH" = [NaOH]

5 mol/L = 5M
Ch 8.3 Questions

Making Solutions (section 8.4)
  • Making a solution (benefits / drawbacks)
  • from a solid
  • from a stock solution
  • terms - stock, standard, volumetric glassware
The dilution calculation (c1v1 = c2v2)

Obtain 2 grams of AgNO3 and dissolve to form a 100 ml solution.  From that solution  transfer 25 ml to a new flask and add water to form a 100 ml solution.  
Take 50 ml of 5% saline solution and mix with 10 ml of the final AgNO3 solution.

What mass of precipitate would form?
25Qualitative Analysis (section 9.2)
-Colour, precipitate rxn
Reactions in Solutions
Precipitation Reactions
28Stoichiometry Solutions Lab

Qualitative analysis
-colour - pg 344
-reactions - pg 340
-precipitate and solubility table - pg 334

-Net Ionic Equations (section 9.2) - pg 342
Worksheet and solutions front and back
Net ionic equations
29Stoichiometry Solutions Lab

Quantitative Analysis (section 9.3)
- mixing solutions and determining new concentrations
practice questions - page 352, page 356 #1
- mass percent of ions in compounds (same as %composition)
practice questions - page 352
- Solution Stoichiometry (n = c / v)
30Solutions labsolution chem notes
Review period
look over some ch 8 and ch 9 review questions

Handback and review Unit 4 test - Solutions part 1
Lab report criteria for solubility lab

1 / 4
Review period
look over some ch 8 and ch 9 review questions

Working on lab write up

Ch 10 - Acids and Bases
Defining an acid and a base
Properties of acids and bases

TERMS:  dissociation vs ionization

Section 10.1
Read and Notes - Acid and Base Theories
Arrhenius Theory - acids and strong bases
Modified Arrhenius Theory - acids and weak bases

Theories of Acids and Bases
Arrhenius,  Modified Arrhenius,  Bronsted Lowry
5Section 10.2 - p381-383
pH scale

What does pH represent --> [H3O+]

Defining pH
water, acid to water

Read and Notes for pH - section 10.2 - p385-393
-pH calculation
textbook calculations page 389
6Base to water

Concentration and pH

Strong/Weak and pH
percent ionization

Bronsted Lowry Theory
7Acid Bases Reactions - section 10.3 -

Main types involving acids and bases

single displacement:
   metal and acids

   nonmetal oxide and water
   metal oxide and water

double displacement:
   acids and carbonates
   bases and ammonium compounds
   acids and bases

Net Ionic Equations; Stoichiometry

Read over Acid base titration - 10.3 - pg 399
Acid and Base Reactions


page 399-401

Titration Procedure - video
The Titration
  • Terminology
  • Theory of making solutions and dissolving
  • Concentration calculations (ppm, %, molar)
  • Dilution calculation
  • Solubility rules and chart and theories
  • Stoichiometry
  • Mixing and determining new concentrations
  • Properties of acids and bases
  • Theories of acids and bases
  • pH theory and calculations
  • weak and strong
  • ionization and dissociation
  • acid base reactions
  • net ionic equations
12Solutions, Acids and Bases Test

UNIT 6 - Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Properties of gases can be described qualitatively and quantitatively, and can be predicted.
  • Air quality can be affected by human activities and technology.
  • People have a responsibility to protect the integrity of Earth’s atmosphere



    Charles Law    GuyLussac

Intro to Gases - Read Section 11.1 -11.4

Overhead Notes

Properties of Gases
mass, volume, density, temp, pressure

14Gas Laws
   Boyle's Law Worksheet

   Charles' Law Worksheet

Combined Gas Law
   Combined Gas Law Worksheet
More Worksheets



15Ideal Gas Law


Mixtures of Gases
Partial Pressures
Water Displacement collection of gases

Law of combining volumes
Molar Volume
Ideal Gas Law

June 18 Study Day
June 19Study Day
June 20Study Day
June   2018 EXAM