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Welcome to Grade 9 Science


Teacher: Mr White
Office Hours - Period 2 and 3 in room 2008
MSIP Period - Period 5 in room 2402
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Course Outline
INTRO TO SCIENCEJunior Lab Report format
ChemistryEcologyElectricityAstronomy




Febuary March April May June



 

Section

Main Topics

INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE

 Safety, Math Skills and the components of the Scientific Method

Unit 1: Chemistry

particle theory, classify matter, chemical vs physical, periodic table, atomic theory 

Unit 2: Electricity
static charge, models and applications of static charge, current, circuit diagrams, mathematical analysis of circuits, power and household electricity
Unit 3: Ecology
Analysis of Ecosystems, Nutrient Cycles, Sustainability, Human Impact 
Unit 4: Space

Celestial objects, Big Bang, Space travel

End of Year Assessment: 
Lab Test - Possible
 

Final Exam - Definitely

 




SCIENCE SKILLS

Textbook Safety sectionTextbook Skills sectionTextbook Glossary
Safety - GHS - symbolsThe Scientific MethodMath in Science
WHMIS, HHPS - chemistry unitHypothesisConversions
MSDS, SDS - chemistry unitVariablesGraphing
Lab Equipment - chemistry unitQualitative, QuantitativeScientific Notation

Lab Report

AGENDA







Feb
4-8
Welcome to Science
-resources available
-course outline
Science and the Scientific Method
-hypothesis
-variables
-Quizlet - Scientific method 1di
Science and the Scientific Method
- worksheet discussion
-Quizlet - Scientific method 1di
-Design own experiment
-HHSS lab report
- Research about your favourite animal / plant
- Using the research tool in Google Docs
Discussing good cause and effect questions

Graphing using Google Sheets

Working on Designing your own experiment
Feb 11-15Discussing good questions

Math Skills
-Scientific Notation
Discussing good graphs

Math Skills
-Calculations involving Scientific Notation
-math games
Math Skills
-Conversions

-metric conversions calculator
START ELECTRICITY


CHEMISTRY

The first step into the understanding of how matter is described and how it behaves.  We will also emphasize math skills.  Topics include the analysis of the organization of the periodic table and the history of the atom.
Chapter 4 MATTERChapter 5 PERIODIC TABLEChapter 6 COMPOUNDS
MatterThe atomWhy do they form?
Particle Theory, Changes of StateAtomic TheoryTypes of compounds
Classifying MatterTypes of Elements, SymbolsForming simple ionic
Physical vs Chemical ChangePeriodic Table - Atomic Number, Mass, GroupsForming simple molecular
Identifying GasesBohr, Bohr-Rutherford Diagrams

AGENDA

TEXTBOOK REFERENCEUNIT REVIEW






March
22-23



Finishing the Electricity Unit test

Safety in Science Class - Textbook pages xxvi-xxix
-Quizlet - WHMIS Symbols, Lab equipment
-WHMIS symbols 2015
-WHMIS quiz (past symbols)
Safety in Science Class

-WHMIS symbols 2015
-WHMIS quiz (past symbols)
-MSDS / SDS
26-29Define Matter

Mass, Volume, Density

States of matter

Density questions for homework

page 138-140
Crash Course Kids
Particle theory

Types of particles

Change of state
Video

page 138-140

Heating Curve of Water

Heating Curve with labels
Classifying Matter
 - matter flowchart

Properties of matter
 - physical properties
 - chemical properties

page 150-153
Properties of matter
and
Density Lab
EASTER
GOOD FRIDAY






April
3-6
EASTER
MONDAY
Electricity test discussion

Density Lab Concerns?

Density Lab discussion
Matter Review
Changes of State
Water Heating Curve
Temperature = Motion

Classifying Matter Flowchart
Physical Properties

Physical Change
(state change, dissolving)

Chemical Change
(cooking, rusting, burning, reacting, oxidizing)

Evidence of a chemical Change

Gas Reactions


VIDEO - review
Chapter 4 review
April 9-13Finish up physical and chemical change
few more demos
LITERACY TEST DAYHow big is an atom

Begin Atomic Theory
Chapter 5.1
Researching Names, experiments and changes to the atomic model
Complete Atomic Theory
Crash Course Video
review chapter 4 questions

PD DAY

[Video on discovering what matter is made of ]
PBS: The mystery of matter






16-20SNOW DAY
Chapter 4 quiz

Atomic theory Review
Chadwick, Bohr, Quantum

Types of Elements

Metals vs Nonmetals vs Metalloids

page 182 elements to know, Quizlet (The periodic table of elements -50 elements)
Patterns of how element names and symbols originated

Parts of the Periodic Table
-Periods, Group or Families
-alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, noble gases
-the staircase
-transition metals

Numbers of the periodic table
Atomic number
Atomic mass (relative)

Bohr Rutherford Model of the Atom

-protons

-neutrons

-electrons - special rules
Drawing Bohr Rutherford Models

period number = energy levels = electron shells

group number = outer electrons = valence electrons

April 23-27\FIELD |TRIP
or
Quizlet - Hunting the Elements

PBS - Hunting the elements

FIELD |TRIP
or
Quizlet - Hunting the Elements

PBS - Hunting the elements
Quizlet - Hunting the Elements
- Complete the Video

PBS - Hunting the elements

Trends in the Periodic Table

Valence electrons

Quiz on elements and their symbols
-Review of ch 4 quiz
-collecting video sheet
-reviewing Bohr rutherford model
-looking at trends in the first 20 elements






April 30
-May 3
Forming Ions
making ionic compounds

Full Valence shell
losing and gaining electrons

Ionic Compounds
properties of ionic compounds
Lewis Model (Electron Dot diagram)

Charges on the periodic table

Ionic versus Molecular
Review checklist
PD DAY
May
7-11 
Review PeriodChemistry Unit Test


Review for Test

Visualization and Problem Solving for General Chemistry states of matter, elements, compounds,  mixtures, solutions, and other visual models

Element Name Origins history of the names, and general help on the periodic table

Periodic Table at Chemicalelements.com is an excellent site for this assignment - the "Basic Information" section will help you with the first four items in your task

Periodic Table from the University of Sheffield is excellent


ECOLOGY

Ecology is a unit on opinion development. Various topics are studied in order to make informed statements about a sustainable future. An enjoyable unit for most students but the amount of terms in this unit can be overwhelming.

Sustainable Development

Chapter 1 ECOSYSTEMS

Chapter 2 HUMAN ACTIVITY

Chapter 3 SUSTAINABILITY
1.1 ECOSYSTEMS

2.1 HUMAN USE

3.1 GOVERNMENT ACTION

1.2 NUTRIENT CYCLES

2.2 ASSESSING IMPACT3.2 STEWARDSHIP

1.3 INTERACTIONS



AGENDA

TEXTBOOK REFERENCEUNIT REVIEW






May
9-11


Intro to Sustainable Ecosystems
How Wolves change Rivers
Section 1.1 - Ecology Terms

Strange Days - Wolves in Yellowstone

Crash Course Ecology

Keystone Species

Discussion of Section 1.1

Importance of biodiversity

How Whales Change Climate
Section 1.2 Nutrient Cycles

Biochemical Cycles - Crash

Nitrogen and Phosphorus
14-18Nutrient Cycles - review
LOOPS in Ecosystems

Positive vs negative feedback loops

Chem unit test returned

Trees talk to each other - 56 min
Section 1.2 Chains, Webs, Pyramids
-comparing the three models (benefits and drawbacks)

Brown Food Chain

Rewilding our ecosystems - TED
Section 1.3 Biotic Interactions
BBC relationships

15 cool symbiotic relationships

More on Symbiotic relationships

(not going to watch in class) Population Dynamics - lots of info (moves slow)

Section 1.3 Population Characteristics
Why are there so many insects? - TED

Carrying capacity - sturgeon

Wolf and Moose relationship



Human Activity affects sustainability

Jellyfish Rule - Nature of things






22-25 VICTORIA
DAY
Section 2.1 Human Impacts

Invasive species - TED

Rabbit Island - Japan
Section 2.2 Assessment of Human Impact

Care about the ocean?

How to care for our ocean

Ocean Plastic Island
Section 2.2 Assessment of human impact continued

Epic Speech - Save the World
Chapter 1 terms Test

Chapter 2 Review
28-1Discussion of Assessing ecosystem impacts

Return Ch 1 terms test

Do we still need pesticides - TED

Section 3.1 - Government Action

Where are all the honey bees -TED
Wildfires are necessary - TED

Section 3.2 Environmental Stewardship

OWL PELLET DISSECTION

- forms and images on Google classroom

TED Talk - Route for Sustainable future

Working together to promote sustainability

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT

Review
-Terms and videos
June
4-8
Lesson Discussion
Stewardship
Chapter 2 and 3 Test


Review for Test:

Environmental literacy Everyone needs an informed opinion.  It also provides additional help towards ecology topics.

At BioInteractive, you can find award-winning multimedia resources, including apps, animations, videos, interactives, and virtual labs, to bring the excitement of scientific discovery into your classroom

Videos for teaching ecology

CK-12.org : Middle School Ecology Section

CK-12.org : Grade 9/10 Ecology Section

 

Physics: ELECTRICITY


Chapter 10 STATICChapter 11 CURRENTChapter 12 RENEWABLE
Define static charge, Law of Attraction, RepulsionDefine Current, DC vs ACRenwable vs NonRenewable
Friction and electrostatic series (electron affinity), Insulator, ConductorTerms of electrical devicesGenerating Electricity
Ways of creating static chargeVoltage, Current, ResistenceCost of Electricity (Energy, Power, Efficiency)
Applications of Static ChargeCircuits, Simple, Parallel, Series

Calculations V, I, R

AGENDA

TEXTBOOK REFERENCEUNIT REVIEW






Febuary
15, 16



Electricity: Static vs Current
Matter, the Atom and Charges
Insulators and Conductors

What is Static electricity - TED - video
Digging Deeper - TED Lesson
History of positive and negative
Methods of Creating a Static Charge
Contact
Friction
Induction
Febuary
20 - 23
Family DayWorksheet
Review of math, static charge
Research of applications of static charge
-negative / safety
-positive / using static charge
Check work
Quiz on math on Friday
Discuss worksheet

Electroscopes
-charging by contact
-charging by friction
-charging by induction

Complete worksheet on applications of static electricity
Complete worksheet on applications of static electricity

Current Electricity - define
Parts fo a simple circuit
Terms: Source, Load, open, closed, negative and positive signs on batteries

Quiz on math skills

Souces of electricity:
electrolyte, electrode,
wet cell, dry cell, fuel cell






Febuary 26 to
March 2
Sources of electricity - discuss worksheet

Measuring current
I=Q/t
worksheet

Charge and Electrons
1 Coulomb
 = 6.24 x1018 electrons
Handback Scientific Notation and Conversions quiz
solutions to quiz

Solutions to measuring current

Simple circuit and symbols
 - Voltage - cell - energy added
 - Resistance - load - energy removed
 - Current - wires - number of electrons
Drawing Circuits

- Parallel vs Series
- Analysing circuits
- Effects on Voltage, Loads, Current
Animation Model of electric circuits
 - website to see circuits and measure volts, amps, ohms

Ohm's Law
R = V/I
V = IR
I = V/R

Calculations
Circuit analysis and Ohm's Law

example circuits and a worksheet
March 5 to
March 9
Take up worksheet on circuit analysis

homework - read section 12.1, terms, generating electricity, generating electricity by heat
INTERIM REPORT DAY

Generating Electricity
solar, wind, tidal

Advantages and disadvantages of renewable and nonrenewable resources
Electricity in the home -

Power, Energy, watt, joules
kilowatt hours
Energy in the home
How did the worksheet go??

Joules vs kilowatt hours!!
-both are ways of describing the amount of energy used by loads
Home Electricity question sheet (AC vs DC, Fuse, Short Circuit, efficiency)

Review topics
March 12 to
March 16
MARCH BREAK
March 19 to
March 23
review static electricity
circuit diagrams
calculationsUnit test on static and current electricity


Building Electrical Circuits - Circuit Kit
Drawing Electrical Diagrams - Circuit Diagrams

What is Electricity?
The Energy Story: From Static Electricity to Batteries
Electricity Research: Inventors to future uses
All about Electrical Circuits interactive demostrations
Electricity and Magnetism tutorials meant for 14-16 year olds

The Physics Classroom
Theater of ElectricityŠ 1995 Museum of Science, Boston
Alternative Sources of Electricity

 

Earth Sciences: ASTRONOMY

Chapter 7 BIG BANGChapter 8 SOLAR SYSTEMChapter 9 SPACE EXPLORATION
Sun to Edge of SpaceStars, Life of StarsHistory: Geocentric vs Heliocentric
Big Bang TheoryThe SunTelescopes and technology
Spectroscope and RedshiftingThe Solar SystemSpace Travel

Earth, Sun, Moon

AGENDA

TEXTBOOK REFERENCEUNIT REVIEW






June
4-8

Ecology Test Ch2+3

TED Talks on Astronomy

Begin Terms of Unit
Section 7.1

If the moon was only one pixel in size - Solar system trip

Universe, Astronomy, Astrology, Cosmology

Space is empty
Distances are large

Celestial objects

Terms on google classroom
Our Solar System
  • Sun
  • Planets
  • Moons
  • Comets
  • Meteors and Meteorites
  • Asteroids
Measurement
  • Light Year
  • Astronomical Unit
Movement
  • Rotation
  • Revolution
  • Elliptical
Stars and Galaxies

solar nebula theory

Hawkins - solar nebula theory

Notes solar nebula theory

Life of a star - depends on mass
  • Types of stars
  • nebulas
  • supernovas
  • black holes
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
June
11-15
Ontario Science center
Star charts

Constellations

Star Charts
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

Galaxies
  • Galaxy types
  • Blackholes
  • Dark matter, energy
Theory of the Creation of the Universe

Big Bang Theory
Expanding
Redshifting
Spectral Lines
Local Space information
  • moon
  • phases of the moon
  • seasons
  • eclipses
  • tides
Life in space
pg 366-370
SPACE TEST

How Big is Space - BBC interactive site

Astronomy Tutorials Grade nine astronomy lessons will look at all the material at a lesser degree than is covered here but this site provides great pictures and summaries of our universe.

Skymaps.com print out your own star chart for the month for junior astronomers
 
NASA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory incredible site for information and visualizations of our solar system and beyond.  Information for all levels of space junkies

ASP: An Ancient Universe : How Astronomers Know the Vast Scale of Cosmic Time

Astronomy Notes Various topics and at all levels of experties and schooling

Imagine the Universe Science Explore a universe of black holes, dark matter, and quasars...
 
Canadian Space Agency
 
Discovery's Understanding the Universe
 
Views of the Solar System
The Astronomy Society of the Pacific is an international non-profit scientific and educational organization, founded in 1889, that works to increase understanding and appreciation of astronomy

Large Projects

 Careers and Technology in the SCIENCE Field: Poster Project: Most information can be found through search engines like Google.
 Reasearch on your favourite element and storybookAlthough I have yet to attach the assignment to the website using your handout in class should provide sufficient infarmation about this project. You will find it useful to consult more than one periodic table. The various sites provide different amounts of information.
 

* Periodic Table at Chemicalelements.com is an excellent site for this assignment - the "Basic Information" section will help you with the first four items in your task

* Periodic Table from the University of Sheffield is excellent

* Chemicool Periodic Table

For other information go to the PHS Library Homepage then go to Select a Database then pick InfoTrac then select Discovering Collection.  Type in your element name in the search bar and click Search.

The Periodic Table of Comic Books is a fun site to visit, but only AFTER you have completed your assignment!

The Periodic Table of Rejected Elements provides a bit of humour. Remember, though, you are only allowed to go to this site after you have completed the assignment.

SPACE PROJECT

Internet Scavenger Hunt in space

ELECTRICITY PROJECT

OHM ZONE Website

Ohm's Law Activity